Increased pigment or darker colouration in the skin called hyperpigmentation, can be caused by a variety of factors including sun damage, medical conditions such as melasma (causing brown or blue-gray patches), scarring or trauma, birthmarks, and more. The darkening occurs when an excess of the natural pigment melanin, that gives our skin colour, forms deposits. Effective treatment for hyperpigmentation often requires a combination of expertly selected cosmeceutical grade skincare products, as well as in-office treatments with a dermatologist who can offer a variety of options suited to your needs.
Melasma is a hormonally driven skin condition characterized by dark areas of skin colouration or hyperpigmentation, characteristically found on the cheeks, upper lip, forehead and other sun-exposed parts of the skin. It occurs mostly in women, especially those with a darker skin tone. It may also first appear during or directly after pregnancy, known as the “pregnancy mask”. It can be a stubborn condition to get under control and is best assessed and treated by a board-certified dermatologist.